How to Always Have Beautiful Plants During the Winter
Potted plants live indoors, almost all year round, or right now they are inside the house to seek temporary shelter from the freezing temperatures of these days. And what happens to the plants inside the house? Do they seem a little dull and sad?
There are many people who, during the cold season, dedicate themselves to the care of indoor plants, not having much to do in the garden and on the terrace. And here, a little bit of the fury towards the care of the species in pots that, by force of things, are always under our eyes.
This type of indoor gardening, apparently simpler and harmless, can, however, become an arduous and even very stressful undertaking. A bit because most of the houses, in winter, remain cold and dark even for many hours of the day and consequently are not very hospitable for many of the plants.
In some more extreme cases, the poor plants could also go towards the insured death and only a few will demonstrate that they adapt well to the rigid conditions of our homes during the winter. And this is also the reason why the same plants are generally sold in-plants shops: they are the ones that are most likely to survive the winter without trauma.
But what are these obstacles that must be overcome to treat indoor plants during the winter? Among the main challenges are certainly irrigation, temperature, pest management, humidity and, never forgetting, light.
Once we understand how to do it, we will have all the tools we need to do gardening without stress.
And then, very simply many of the plants in winter are in full vegetative rest, so everything is easier, even if sometimes we are doing something wrong. If so, don’t worry. Here are some tips ready to use to revive houseplants during winter.
We have collected ten small practices, simple but essential to take care of the plants correctly especially during the coldest periods. Here are what they are!
1. The sunlight
Place the houseplants in the sunniest spot inside the house and move them to follow the sun if necessary. Most plants will not thrive properly near a north-facing window where the sun is generally in short supply. The best place? A window facing east to ensure the sun for at least four hours a day.
2. A little less water
Most houseplants only need water once a week during the winter. ” This is because in this season the plants become inactive, especially if they are plants that generally grow outdoors in the summer and are used to more light and lower temperatures.
Use a watering can with a long spout to direct a controlled flow of water to the plant without dripping and to be sure not to abound with water.
3. Moisture control
If necessary, create a sort of moisture tray for plants that need it to add moisture to the air. In the tray, at the bottom, place a shallow layer of pebbles, add water at the height of the pebbles and place the plant pots on the pebbles and then place the tray in a warm and sunny place. Or, you can get a table humidifier to direct the moist air to the plants.
Most plants thrive with humidity levels ranging from 50 to 60 percent; in a house, the humidity level can drop below 35 percent and in such a situation it is good to turn the environment into a small miniature greenhouse.
Or, alternatively, you can take a shallow tray, fill it with a little water and gravel and put the whole plant in the plant. As the water evaporates, moisture will build up around the plant.
4. Remedies for spots on leaves
The most common problem affecting houseplants are spots on the leaves – yellow or brown – which develop on an external leaf and then move inward. If your plants suffer from it, you can prepare a natural tonic and spray it on their leaves: dissolve 4 teaspoons of baking soda in a liter of water and add a few drops of Murphy oil to get the solution.
Remember, however, that many times the brown spots on the leaves are the symptom that the plant, as it is natural, is aging. So worry about this aspect, but with the right weight: a yellow leaf is not the end of the world!
5. Removal of dust
We have already told you about the importance of cleaning plants. Let’s put it this way: just as you dust the furniture, you have to dust the plants too. This is very important because if the dust settles on the leaves the plant “breathes” all the dust. And the dust covers their leaves and their small pores called stomata. And then, if the leaf surface is covered with dust, the plant will not be able to absorb sunlight well and photosynthesis will be slowed down.
6. Cleaning the plants
Let’s continue with the cleaning of the plants. Sometimes dusting the leaves is not enough. Smaller plants, you can arrange them in a sink and gently clean them with water using a sprayer. The larger plants, however, can go directly to the shower; clean the leaves with a damp sponge and when you are done drain well.
7. Stop fertilizer during the winter
Many plants remain dormant throughout the winter because this is the time of vegetative rest for them. So: stop the fertilizer! Wait for spring, when you will move the plants outdoors to the heat and sun.
8. Attention to temperature
Okay, it’s okay to bring plants indoors when temperatures drop dramatically outside. There is only one small problem: heating in general and in particular the changes in temperature that can occur during the day and at night. This condition is not suitable for all plants and this is why it is better to arrange the pots far from the radiators.
9. Natural remedies for fungi and parasites i
We must keep the insects, whether it’s summer or winter. We cannot do anything about it, but we can use natural, ecological and effective remedies to counteract the problems. For example, we can create small sticky traps to catch those little black insects – which are actually mushroom flies – that buzz in the air above houseplants, even in winter.
Another viable solution is to bury a clove of garlic in the ground. If midges annoy your plants, try it now!
10. Take advantage of the warmth of the house
Many of the houseplants that we have at home, come from distant countries and are used to tropical climates, therefore in the heat – which in those areas is humid all year round, with temperatures that never drop below 20 °C and with conditions of very light. The best solution to always keep them in good health is to place the plants in a room where the temperature never drops too much, even during the night.
If this condition cannot be recreated, you could arrange the pots in a bright room, which has an adjustable heat source through a thermostat to always keep the temperature constant. The heat source, always remembers, must be far enough from the leaves of the plants to avoid trauma and damage.